The above link to AdLit.org links directly to a section called “AdLit101…a great resource for students beyond grade 3 who need help building literacy skills. One of the problems our educational system has faced in my lifetime is an “all-or-nothing” approach. First, we had phonics, then we had whole language. Now we have a better understanding that young readers benefit from a phonetic approach but that “sight words” are necessary, too, as our language is predicated upon so many different languages.
With an “all-or-nothing” attitude, it can be easy to fall into the trap that everybody needs phonics instruction; however, the research indicates that past a certain point, phonics alone will not solve a reader’s problems. The above link addresses the different stages and uses for different types of interventions. Worth a look.